Thursday, October 21, 2010

Detect current network setting with C#

In cause of my latest project Simple Proxy Switch I had to face the challenge of detecting the setting of the current network the computer is connected to.

Now here’s my snippet how do I retrieve the current network setting:

// zero conf ip address
IPAddress zeroConf = new IPAddress(0);
// get current assigned addresses
IPAddress[] hostAddresses = Dns.GetHostAddresses(Dns.GetHostName());

var networkData = NetworkInterface.GetAllNetworkInterfaces()
  // filter running network interfaces
  .Where(network => network.OperationalStatus == OperationalStatus.Up)
  // filter unknown interfaces
  .Where(network => network.NetworkInterfaceType != NetworkInterfaceType.Unknown)
  // filter loopback interfaces
  .Where(network => network.NetworkInterfaceType != NetworkInterfaceType.Loopback)
  // get the properties
  .Select(network => network.GetIPProperties())
  // filter initialized gateways
  .Where(ipProps => ipProps.GatewayAddresses.All(gateway => gateway.Address != zeroConf))
  // filter and get ip addresses
  .SelectMany(ipProps => ipProps.UnicastAddresses.Where(ucAddress => hostAddresses.Contains(ucAddress.Address)))
  .Where(ucAddress => hostAddresses.Contains(ucAddress.Address))
  // simply use the first

Be the force with you!

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